cmdlib.py 116 KB
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#!/usr/bin/python
#

# Copyright (C) 2006, 2007 Google Inc.
#
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
#
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
# WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
# General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
# Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
# 02110-1301, USA.


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"""Module implementing the master-side code."""
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# pylint: disable-msg=W0613,W0201

import os
import os.path
import sha
import socket
import time
import tempfile
import re
import platform

from ganeti import rpc
from ganeti import ssh
from ganeti import logger
from ganeti import utils
from ganeti import errors
from ganeti import hypervisor
from ganeti import config
from ganeti import constants
from ganeti import objects
from ganeti import opcodes
from ganeti import ssconf

class LogicalUnit(object):
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  """Logical Unit base class.
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  Subclasses must follow these rules:
    - implement CheckPrereq which also fills in the opcode instance
      with all the fields (even if as None)
    - implement Exec
    - implement BuildHooksEnv
    - redefine HPATH and HTYPE
    - optionally redefine their run requirements (REQ_CLUSTER,
      REQ_MASTER); note that all commands require root permissions

  """
  HPATH = None
  HTYPE = None
  _OP_REQP = []
  REQ_CLUSTER = True
  REQ_MASTER = True

  def __init__(self, processor, op, cfg, sstore):
    """Constructor for LogicalUnit.

    This needs to be overriden in derived classes in order to check op
    validity.

    """
    self.processor = processor
    self.op = op
    self.cfg = cfg
    self.sstore = sstore
    for attr_name in self._OP_REQP:
      attr_val = getattr(op, attr_name, None)
      if attr_val is None:
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        raise errors.OpPrereqError("Required parameter '%s' missing" %
                                   attr_name)
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    if self.REQ_CLUSTER:
      if not cfg.IsCluster():
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        raise errors.OpPrereqError("Cluster not initialized yet,"
                                   " use 'gnt-cluster init' first.")
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      if self.REQ_MASTER:
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        master = sstore.GetMasterNode()
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        if master != socket.gethostname():
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          raise errors.OpPrereqError("Commands must be run on the master"
                                     " node %s" % master)
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  def CheckPrereq(self):
    """Check prerequisites for this LU.

    This method should check that the prerequisites for the execution
    of this LU are fulfilled. It can do internode communication, but
    it should be idempotent - no cluster or system changes are
    allowed.

    The method should raise errors.OpPrereqError in case something is
    not fulfilled. Its return value is ignored.

    This method should also update all the parameters of the opcode to
    their canonical form; e.g. a short node name must be fully
    expanded after this method has successfully completed (so that
    hooks, logging, etc. work correctly).

    """
    raise NotImplementedError

  def Exec(self, feedback_fn):
    """Execute the LU.

    This method should implement the actual work. It should raise
    errors.OpExecError for failures that are somewhat dealt with in
    code, or expected.

    """
    raise NotImplementedError

  def BuildHooksEnv(self):
    """Build hooks environment for this LU.

    This method should return a three-node tuple consisting of: a dict
    containing the environment that will be used for running the
    specific hook for this LU, a list of node names on which the hook
    should run before the execution, and a list of node names on which
    the hook should run after the execution.

    The keys of the dict must not have 'GANETI_' prefixed as this will
    be handled in the hooks runner. Also note additional keys will be
    added by the hooks runner. If the LU doesn't define any
    environment, an empty dict (and not None) should be returned.

    As for the node lists, the master should not be included in the
    them, as it will be added by the hooks runner in case this LU
    requires a cluster to run on (otherwise we don't have a node
    list). No nodes should be returned as an empty list (and not
    None).

    Note that if the HPATH for a LU class is None, this function will
    not be called.

    """
    raise NotImplementedError


class NoHooksLU(LogicalUnit):
  """Simple LU which runs no hooks.

  This LU is intended as a parent for other LogicalUnits which will
  run no hooks, in order to reduce duplicate code.

  """
  HPATH = None
  HTYPE = None

  def BuildHooksEnv(self):
    """Build hooks env.

    This is a no-op, since we don't run hooks.

    """
    return


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def _GetWantedNodes(lu, nodes):
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  """Returns list of checked and expanded nodes.

  Args:
    nodes: List of nodes (strings) or None for all

  """
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  if nodes is not None and not isinstance(nodes, list):
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    raise errors.OpPrereqError("Invalid argument type 'nodes'")
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  if nodes:
    wanted_nodes = []

    for name in nodes:
      node = lu.cfg.GetNodeInfo(lu.cfg.ExpandNodeName(name))
      if node is None:
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        raise errors.OpPrereqError("No such node name '%s'" % name)
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    wanted_nodes.append(node)

    return wanted_nodes
  else:
    return [lu.cfg.GetNodeInfo(name) for name in lu.cfg.GetNodeList()]


def _CheckOutputFields(static, dynamic, selected):
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  """Checks whether all selected fields are valid.

  Args:
    static: Static fields
    dynamic: Dynamic fields

  """
  static_fields = frozenset(static)
  dynamic_fields = frozenset(dynamic)
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  all_fields = static_fields | dynamic_fields
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  if not all_fields.issuperset(selected):
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    raise errors.OpPrereqError("Unknown output fields selected: %s"
                               % ",".join(frozenset(selected).
                                          difference(all_fields)))
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def _BuildInstanceHookEnv(name, primary_node, secondary_nodes, os_type, status,
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                          memory, vcpus, nics):
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  """Builds instance related env variables for hooks from single variables.

  Args:
    secondary_nodes: List of secondary nodes as strings
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  """
  env = {
    "INSTANCE_NAME": name,
    "INSTANCE_PRIMARY": primary_node,
    "INSTANCE_SECONDARIES": " ".join(secondary_nodes),
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    "INSTANCE_OS_TYPE": os_type,
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    "INSTANCE_STATUS": status,
    "INSTANCE_MEMORY": memory,
    "INSTANCE_VCPUS": vcpus,
  }

  if nics:
    nic_count = len(nics)
    for idx, (ip, bridge) in enumerate(nics):
      if ip is None:
        ip = ""
      env["INSTANCE_NIC%d_IP" % idx] = ip
      env["INSTANCE_NIC%d_BRIDGE" % idx] = bridge
  else:
    nic_count = 0

  env["INSTANCE_NIC_COUNT"] = nic_count

  return env


def _BuildInstanceHookEnvByObject(instance, override=None):
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  """Builds instance related env variables for hooks from an object.

  Args:
    instance: objects.Instance object of instance
    override: dict of values to override
  """
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  args = {
    'name': instance.name,
    'primary_node': instance.primary_node,
    'secondary_nodes': instance.secondary_nodes,
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    'os_type': instance.os,
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    'status': instance.os,
    'memory': instance.memory,
    'vcpus': instance.vcpus,
    'nics': [(nic.ip, nic.bridge) for nic in instance.nics],
  }
  if override:
    args.update(override)
  return _BuildInstanceHookEnv(**args)


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def _UpdateEtcHosts(fullnode, ip):
  """Ensure a node has a correct entry in /etc/hosts.

  Args:
    fullnode - Fully qualified domain name of host. (str)
    ip       - IPv4 address of host (str)

  """
  node = fullnode.split(".", 1)[0]

  f = open('/etc/hosts', 'r+')

  inthere = False

  save_lines = []
  add_lines = []
  removed = False

  while True:
    rawline = f.readline()

    if not rawline:
      # End of file
      break

    line = rawline.split('\n')[0]

    # Strip off comments
    line = line.split('#')[0]

    if not line:
      # Entire line was comment, skip
      save_lines.append(rawline)
      continue

    fields = line.split()

    haveall = True
    havesome = False
    for spec in [ ip, fullnode, node ]:
      if spec not in fields:
        haveall = False
      if spec in fields:
        havesome = True

    if haveall:
      inthere = True
      save_lines.append(rawline)
      continue

    if havesome and not haveall:
      # Line (old, or manual?) which is missing some.  Remove.
      removed = True
      continue

    save_lines.append(rawline)

  if not inthere:
    add_lines.append('%s\t%s %s\n' % (ip, fullnode, node))

  if removed:
    if add_lines:
      save_lines = save_lines + add_lines

    # We removed a line, write a new file and replace old.
    fd, tmpname = tempfile.mkstemp('tmp', 'hosts_', '/etc')
    newfile = os.fdopen(fd, 'w')
    newfile.write(''.join(save_lines))
    newfile.close()
    os.rename(tmpname, '/etc/hosts')

  elif add_lines:
    # Simply appending a new line will do the trick.
    f.seek(0, 2)
    for add in add_lines:
      f.write(add)

  f.close()


def _UpdateKnownHosts(fullnode, ip, pubkey):
  """Ensure a node has a correct known_hosts entry.

  Args:
    fullnode - Fully qualified domain name of host. (str)
    ip       - IPv4 address of host (str)
    pubkey   - the public key of the cluster

  """
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  if os.path.exists(constants.SSH_KNOWN_HOSTS_FILE):
    f = open(constants.SSH_KNOWN_HOSTS_FILE, 'r+')
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  else:
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    f = open(constants.SSH_KNOWN_HOSTS_FILE, 'w+')
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  inthere = False

  save_lines = []
  add_lines = []
  removed = False

  while True:
    rawline = f.readline()
    logger.Debug('read %s' % (repr(rawline),))

    if not rawline:
      # End of file
      break

    line = rawline.split('\n')[0]

    parts = line.split(' ')
    fields = parts[0].split(',')
    key = parts[2]

    haveall = True
    havesome = False
    for spec in [ ip, fullnode ]:
      if spec not in fields:
        haveall = False
      if spec in fields:
        havesome = True

    logger.Debug("key, pubkey = %s." % (repr((key, pubkey)),))
    if haveall and key == pubkey:
      inthere = True
      save_lines.append(rawline)
      logger.Debug("Keeping known_hosts '%s'." % (repr(rawline),))
      continue

    if havesome and (not haveall or key != pubkey):
      removed = True
      logger.Debug("Discarding known_hosts '%s'." % (repr(rawline),))
      continue

    save_lines.append(rawline)

  if not inthere:
    add_lines.append('%s,%s ssh-rsa %s\n' % (fullnode, ip, pubkey))
    logger.Debug("Adding known_hosts '%s'." % (repr(add_lines[-1]),))

  if removed:
    save_lines = save_lines + add_lines

    # Write a new file and replace old.
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    fd, tmpname = tempfile.mkstemp('.tmp', 'known_hosts.',
                                   constants.DATA_DIR)
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    newfile = os.fdopen(fd, 'w')
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    try:
      newfile.write(''.join(save_lines))
    finally:
      newfile.close()
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    logger.Debug("Wrote new known_hosts.")
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    os.rename(tmpname, constants.SSH_KNOWN_HOSTS_FILE)
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  elif add_lines:
    # Simply appending a new line will do the trick.
    f.seek(0, 2)
    for add in add_lines:
      f.write(add)

  f.close()


def _HasValidVG(vglist, vgname):
  """Checks if the volume group list is valid.

  A non-None return value means there's an error, and the return value
  is the error message.

  """
  vgsize = vglist.get(vgname, None)
  if vgsize is None:
    return "volume group '%s' missing" % vgname
  elif vgsize < 20480:
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    return ("volume group '%s' too small (20480MiB required, %dMib found)" %
            (vgname, vgsize))
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  return None


def _InitSSHSetup(node):
  """Setup the SSH configuration for the cluster.


  This generates a dsa keypair for root, adds the pub key to the
  permitted hosts and adds the hostkey to its own known hosts.

  Args:
    node: the name of this host as a fqdn

  """
  if os.path.exists('/root/.ssh/id_dsa'):
    utils.CreateBackup('/root/.ssh/id_dsa')
  if os.path.exists('/root/.ssh/id_dsa.pub'):
    utils.CreateBackup('/root/.ssh/id_dsa.pub')

  utils.RemoveFile('/root/.ssh/id_dsa')
  utils.RemoveFile('/root/.ssh/id_dsa.pub')

  result = utils.RunCmd(["ssh-keygen", "-t", "dsa",
                         "-f", "/root/.ssh/id_dsa",
                         "-q", "-N", ""])
  if result.failed:
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    raise errors.OpExecError("Could not generate ssh keypair, error %s" %
                             result.output)
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  f = open('/root/.ssh/id_dsa.pub', 'r')
  try:
    utils.AddAuthorizedKey('/root/.ssh/authorized_keys', f.read(8192))
  finally:
    f.close()


def _InitGanetiServerSetup(ss):
  """Setup the necessary configuration for the initial node daemon.

  This creates the nodepass file containing the shared password for
  the cluster and also generates the SSL certificate.

  """
  # Create pseudo random password
  randpass = sha.new(os.urandom(64)).hexdigest()
  # and write it into sstore
  ss.SetKey(ss.SS_NODED_PASS, randpass)

  result = utils.RunCmd(["openssl", "req", "-new", "-newkey", "rsa:1024",
                         "-days", str(365*5), "-nodes", "-x509",
                         "-keyout", constants.SSL_CERT_FILE,
                         "-out", constants.SSL_CERT_FILE, "-batch"])
  if result.failed:
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    raise errors.OpExecError("could not generate server ssl cert, command"
                             " %s had exitcode %s and error message %s" %
                             (result.cmd, result.exit_code, result.output))
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  os.chmod(constants.SSL_CERT_FILE, 0400)

  result = utils.RunCmd([constants.NODE_INITD_SCRIPT, "restart"])

  if result.failed:
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    raise errors.OpExecError("Could not start the node daemon, command %s"
                             " had exitcode %s and error %s" %
                             (result.cmd, result.exit_code, result.output))
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class LUInitCluster(LogicalUnit):
  """Initialise the cluster.

  """
  HPATH = "cluster-init"
  HTYPE = constants.HTYPE_CLUSTER
  _OP_REQP = ["cluster_name", "hypervisor_type", "vg_name", "mac_prefix",
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              "def_bridge", "master_netdev"]
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  REQ_CLUSTER = False

  def BuildHooksEnv(self):
    """Build hooks env.

    Notes: Since we don't require a cluster, we must manually add
    ourselves in the post-run node list.

    """
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    env = {
      "CLUSTER": self.op.cluster_name,
      "MASTER": self.hostname['hostname_full'],
      }
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    return env, [], [self.hostname['hostname_full']]

  def CheckPrereq(self):
    """Verify that the passed name is a valid one.

    """
    if config.ConfigWriter.IsCluster():
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      raise errors.OpPrereqError("Cluster is already initialised")
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    hostname_local = socket.gethostname()
    self.hostname = hostname = utils.LookupHostname(hostname_local)
    if not hostname:
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      raise errors.OpPrereqError("Cannot resolve my own hostname ('%s')" %
                                 hostname_local)
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    if hostname["hostname_full"] != hostname_local:
      raise errors.OpPrereqError("My own hostname (%s) does not match the"
                                 " resolver (%s): probably not using FQDN"
                                 " for hostname." %
                                 (hostname_local, hostname["hostname_full"]))

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    if hostname["ip"].startswith("127."):
      raise errors.OpPrereqError("This host's IP resolves to the private"
                                 " range (%s). Please fix DNS or /etc/hosts." %
                                 (hostname["ip"],))

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    self.clustername = clustername = utils.LookupHostname(self.op.cluster_name)
    if not clustername:
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      raise errors.OpPrereqError("Cannot resolve given cluster name ('%s')"
                                 % self.op.cluster_name)
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    result = utils.RunCmd(["fping", "-S127.0.0.1", "-q", hostname['ip']])
    if result.failed:
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      raise errors.OpPrereqError("Inconsistency: this host's name resolves"
                                 " to %s,\nbut this ip address does not"
                                 " belong to this host."
                                 " Aborting." % hostname['ip'])
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    secondary_ip = getattr(self.op, "secondary_ip", None)
    if secondary_ip and not utils.IsValidIP(secondary_ip):
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      raise errors.OpPrereqError("Invalid secondary ip given")
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    if secondary_ip and secondary_ip != hostname['ip']:
      result = utils.RunCmd(["fping", "-S127.0.0.1", "-q", secondary_ip])
      if result.failed:
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        raise errors.OpPrereqError("You gave %s as secondary IP,\n"
                                   "but it does not belong to this host." %
                                   secondary_ip)
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    self.secondary_ip = secondary_ip

    # checks presence of the volume group given
    vgstatus = _HasValidVG(utils.ListVolumeGroups(), self.op.vg_name)

    if vgstatus:
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      raise errors.OpPrereqError("Error: %s" % vgstatus)
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    if not re.match("^[0-9a-z]{2}:[0-9a-z]{2}:[0-9a-z]{2}$",
                    self.op.mac_prefix):
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      raise errors.OpPrereqError("Invalid mac prefix given '%s'" %
                                 self.op.mac_prefix)
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    if self.op.hypervisor_type not in hypervisor.VALID_HTYPES:
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      raise errors.OpPrereqError("Invalid hypervisor type given '%s'" %
                                 self.op.hypervisor_type)
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    result = utils.RunCmd(["ip", "link", "show", "dev", self.op.master_netdev])
    if result.failed:
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      raise errors.OpPrereqError("Invalid master netdev given (%s): '%s'" %
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                                 (self.op.master_netdev,
                                  result.output.strip()))
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  def Exec(self, feedback_fn):
    """Initialize the cluster.

    """
    clustername = self.clustername
    hostname = self.hostname

    # set up the simple store
    ss = ssconf.SimpleStore()
    ss.SetKey(ss.SS_HYPERVISOR, self.op.hypervisor_type)
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    ss.SetKey(ss.SS_MASTER_NODE, hostname['hostname_full'])
    ss.SetKey(ss.SS_MASTER_IP, clustername['ip'])
    ss.SetKey(ss.SS_MASTER_NETDEV, self.op.master_netdev)
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    ss.SetKey(ss.SS_CLUSTER_NAME, clustername['hostname'])
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    # set up the inter-node password and certificate
    _InitGanetiServerSetup(ss)

    # start the master ip
    rpc.call_node_start_master(hostname['hostname_full'])

    # set up ssh config and /etc/hosts
    f = open('/etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key.pub', 'r')
    try:
      sshline = f.read()
    finally:
      f.close()
    sshkey = sshline.split(" ")[1]

    _UpdateEtcHosts(hostname['hostname_full'],
                    hostname['ip'],
                    )

    _UpdateKnownHosts(hostname['hostname_full'],
                      hostname['ip'],
                      sshkey,
                      )

    _InitSSHSetup(hostname['hostname'])

    # init of cluster config file
    cfgw = config.ConfigWriter()
    cfgw.InitConfig(hostname['hostname'], hostname['ip'], self.secondary_ip,
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                    sshkey, self.op.mac_prefix,
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                    self.op.vg_name, self.op.def_bridge)


class LUDestroyCluster(NoHooksLU):
  """Logical unit for destroying the cluster.

  """
  _OP_REQP = []

  def CheckPrereq(self):
    """Check prerequisites.

    This checks whether the cluster is empty.

    Any errors are signalled by raising errors.OpPrereqError.

    """
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    master = self.sstore.GetMasterNode()
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    nodelist = self.cfg.GetNodeList()
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    if len(nodelist) != 1 or nodelist[0] != master:
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      raise errors.OpPrereqError("There are still %d node(s) in"
                                 " this cluster." % (len(nodelist) - 1))
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    instancelist = self.cfg.GetInstanceList()
    if instancelist:
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      raise errors.OpPrereqError("There are still %d instance(s) in"
                                 " this cluster." % len(instancelist))
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  def Exec(self, feedback_fn):
    """Destroys the cluster.

    """
    utils.CreateBackup('/root/.ssh/id_dsa')
    utils.CreateBackup('/root/.ssh/id_dsa.pub')
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    rpc.call_node_leave_cluster(self.sstore.GetMasterNode())
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class LUVerifyCluster(NoHooksLU):
  """Verifies the cluster status.

  """
  _OP_REQP = []

  def _VerifyNode(self, node, file_list, local_cksum, vglist, node_result,
                  remote_version, feedback_fn):
    """Run multiple tests against a node.

    Test list:
      - compares ganeti version
      - checks vg existance and size > 20G
      - checks config file checksum
      - checks ssh to other nodes

    Args:
      node: name of the node to check
      file_list: required list of files
      local_cksum: dictionary of local files and their checksums
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    """
    # compares ganeti version
    local_version = constants.PROTOCOL_VERSION
    if not remote_version:
      feedback_fn(" - ERROR: connection to %s failed" % (node))
      return True

    if local_version != remote_version:
      feedback_fn("  - ERROR: sw version mismatch: master %s, node(%s) %s" %
                      (local_version, node, remote_version))
      return True

    # checks vg existance and size > 20G

    bad = False
    if not vglist:
      feedback_fn("  - ERROR: unable to check volume groups on node %s." %
                      (node,))
      bad = True
    else:
      vgstatus = _HasValidVG(vglist, self.cfg.GetVGName())
      if vgstatus:
        feedback_fn("  - ERROR: %s on node %s" % (vgstatus, node))
        bad = True

    # checks config file checksum
    # checks ssh to any

    if 'filelist' not in node_result:
      bad = True
      feedback_fn("  - ERROR: node hasn't returned file checksum data")
    else:
      remote_cksum = node_result['filelist']
      for file_name in file_list:
        if file_name not in remote_cksum:
          bad = True
          feedback_fn("  - ERROR: file '%s' missing" % file_name)
        elif remote_cksum[file_name] != local_cksum[file_name]:
          bad = True
          feedback_fn("  - ERROR: file '%s' has wrong checksum" % file_name)

    if 'nodelist' not in node_result:
      bad = True
      feedback_fn("  - ERROR: node hasn't returned node connectivity data")
    else:
      if node_result['nodelist']:
        bad = True
        for node in node_result['nodelist']:
          feedback_fn("  - ERROR: communication with node '%s': %s" %
                          (node, node_result['nodelist'][node]))
    hyp_result = node_result.get('hypervisor', None)
    if hyp_result is not None:
      feedback_fn("  - ERROR: hypervisor verify failure: '%s'" % hyp_result)
    return bad

  def _VerifyInstance(self, instance, node_vol_is, node_instance, feedback_fn):
    """Verify an instance.

    This function checks to see if the required block devices are
    available on the instance's node.

    """
    bad = False

    instancelist = self.cfg.GetInstanceList()
    if not instance in instancelist:
      feedback_fn("  - ERROR: instance %s not in instance list %s" %
                      (instance, instancelist))
      bad = True

    instanceconfig = self.cfg.GetInstanceInfo(instance)
    node_current = instanceconfig.primary_node

    node_vol_should = {}
    instanceconfig.MapLVsByNode(node_vol_should)

    for node in node_vol_should:
      for volume in node_vol_should[node]:
        if node not in node_vol_is or volume not in node_vol_is[node]:
          feedback_fn("  - ERROR: volume %s missing on node %s" %
                          (volume, node))
          bad = True

    if not instanceconfig.status == 'down':
      if not instance in node_instance[node_current]:
        feedback_fn("  - ERROR: instance %s not running on node %s" %
                        (instance, node_current))
        bad = True

    for node in node_instance:
      if (not node == node_current):
        if instance in node_instance[node]:
          feedback_fn("  - ERROR: instance %s should not run on node %s" %
                          (instance, node))
          bad = True

    return not bad

  def _VerifyOrphanVolumes(self, node_vol_should, node_vol_is, feedback_fn):
    """Verify if there are any unknown volumes in the cluster.

    The .os, .swap and backup volumes are ignored. All other volumes are
    reported as unknown.

    """
    bad = False

    for node in node_vol_is:
      for volume in node_vol_is[node]:
        if node not in node_vol_should or volume not in node_vol_should[node]:
          feedback_fn("  - ERROR: volume %s on node %s should not exist" %
                      (volume, node))
          bad = True
    return bad

  def _VerifyOrphanInstances(self, instancelist, node_instance, feedback_fn):
    """Verify the list of running instances.

    This checks what instances are running but unknown to the cluster.

    """
    bad = False
    for node in node_instance:
      for runninginstance in node_instance[node]:
        if runninginstance not in instancelist:
          feedback_fn("  - ERROR: instance %s on node %s should not exist" %
                          (runninginstance, node))
          bad = True
    return bad

  def CheckPrereq(self):
    """Check prerequisites.

    This has no prerequisites.

    """
    pass

  def Exec(self, feedback_fn):
    """Verify integrity of cluster, performing various test on nodes.

    """
    bad = False
    feedback_fn("* Verifying global settings")
    self.cfg.VerifyConfig()

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    master = self.sstore.GetMasterNode()
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    vg_name = self.cfg.GetVGName()
    nodelist = utils.NiceSort(self.cfg.GetNodeList())
    instancelist = utils.NiceSort(self.cfg.GetInstanceList())
    node_volume = {}
    node_instance = {}

    # FIXME: verify OS list
    # do local checksums
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    file_names = list(self.sstore.GetFileList())
    file_names.append(constants.SSL_CERT_FILE)
    file_names.append(constants.CLUSTER_CONF_FILE)
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    local_checksums = utils.FingerprintFiles(file_names)

    feedback_fn("* Gathering data (%d nodes)" % len(nodelist))
    all_volumeinfo = rpc.call_volume_list(nodelist, vg_name)
    all_instanceinfo = rpc.call_instance_list(nodelist)
    all_vglist = rpc.call_vg_list(nodelist)
    node_verify_param = {
      'filelist': file_names,
      'nodelist': nodelist,
      'hypervisor': None,
      }
    all_nvinfo = rpc.call_node_verify(nodelist, node_verify_param)
    all_rversion = rpc.call_version(nodelist)

    for node in nodelist:
      feedback_fn("* Verifying node %s" % node)
      result = self._VerifyNode(node, file_names, local_checksums,
                                all_vglist[node], all_nvinfo[node],
                                all_rversion[node], feedback_fn)
      bad = bad or result

      # node_volume
      volumeinfo = all_volumeinfo[node]

      if type(volumeinfo) != dict:
        feedback_fn("  - ERROR: connection to %s failed" % (node,))
        bad = True
        continue

      node_volume[node] = volumeinfo

      # node_instance
      nodeinstance = all_instanceinfo[node]
      if type(nodeinstance) != list:
        feedback_fn("  - ERROR: connection to %s failed" % (node,))
        bad = True
        continue

      node_instance[node] = nodeinstance

    node_vol_should = {}

    for instance in instancelist:
      feedback_fn("* Verifying instance %s" % instance)
      result =  self._VerifyInstance(instance, node_volume, node_instance,
                                     feedback_fn)
      bad = bad or result

      inst_config = self.cfg.GetInstanceInfo(instance)

      inst_config.MapLVsByNode(node_vol_should)

    feedback_fn("* Verifying orphan volumes")
    result = self._VerifyOrphanVolumes(node_vol_should, node_volume,
                                       feedback_fn)
    bad = bad or result

    feedback_fn("* Verifying remaining instances")
    result = self._VerifyOrphanInstances(instancelist, node_instance,
                                         feedback_fn)
    bad = bad or result

    return int(bad)


def _WaitForSync(cfgw, instance, oneshot=False, unlock=False):
  """Sleep and poll for an instance's disk to sync.

  """
  if not instance.disks:
    return True

  if not oneshot:
    logger.ToStdout("Waiting for instance %s to sync disks." % instance.name)

  node = instance.primary_node

  for dev in instance.disks:
    cfgw.SetDiskID(dev, node)

  retries = 0
  while True:
    max_time = 0
    done = True
    cumul_degraded = False
    rstats = rpc.call_blockdev_getmirrorstatus(node, instance.disks)
    if not rstats:
      logger.ToStderr("Can't get any data from node %s" % node)
      retries += 1
      if retries >= 10:
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        raise errors.RemoteError("Can't contact node %s for mirror data,"
                                 " aborting." % node)
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      time.sleep(6)
      continue
    retries = 0
    for i in range(len(rstats)):
      mstat = rstats[i]
      if mstat is None:
        logger.ToStderr("Can't compute data for node %s/%s" %
                        (node, instance.disks[i].iv_name))
        continue
      perc_done, est_time, is_degraded = mstat
      cumul_degraded = cumul_degraded or (is_degraded and perc_done is None)
      if perc_done is not None:
        done = False
        if est_time is not None:
          rem_time = "%d estimated seconds remaining" % est_time
          max_time = est_time
        else:
          rem_time = "no time estimate"
        logger.ToStdout("- device %s: %5.2f%% done, %s" %
                        (instance.disks[i].iv_name, perc_done, rem_time))
    if done or oneshot:
      break

    if unlock:
      utils.Unlock('cmd')
    try:
      time.sleep(min(60, max_time))
    finally:
      if unlock:
        utils.Lock('cmd')

  if done:
    logger.ToStdout("Instance %s's disks are in sync." % instance.name)
  return not cumul_degraded


def _CheckDiskConsistency(cfgw, dev, node, on_primary):
  """Check that mirrors are not degraded.

  """
  cfgw.SetDiskID(dev, node)

  result = True
  if on_primary or dev.AssembleOnSecondary():
    rstats = rpc.call_blockdev_find(node, dev)
    if not rstats:
      logger.ToStderr("Can't get any data from node %s" % node)
      result = False
    else:
      result = result and (not rstats[5])
  if dev.children:
    for child in dev.children:
      result = result and _CheckDiskConsistency(cfgw, child, node, on_primary)

  return result


class LUDiagnoseOS(NoHooksLU):
  """Logical unit for OS diagnose/query.

  """
  _OP_REQP = []

  def CheckPrereq(self):
    """Check prerequisites.

    This always succeeds, since this is a pure query LU.

    """
    return

  def Exec(self, feedback_fn):
    """Compute the list of OSes.

    """
    node_list = self.cfg.GetNodeList()
    node_data = rpc.call_os_diagnose(node_list)
    if node_data == False:
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      raise errors.OpExecError("Can't gather the list of OSes")
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    return node_data


class LURemoveNode(LogicalUnit):
  """Logical unit for removing a node.

  """
  HPATH = "node-remove"
  HTYPE = constants.HTYPE_NODE
  _OP_REQP = ["node_name"]

  def BuildHooksEnv(self):
    """Build hooks env.

    This doesn't run on the target node in the pre phase as a failed
    node would not allows itself to run.

    """
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    env = {
      "NODE_NAME": self.op.node_name,
      }
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    all_nodes = self.cfg.GetNodeList()
    all_nodes.remove(self.op.node_name)
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    return env, all_nodes, all_nodes
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  def CheckPrereq(self):
    """Check prerequisites.

    This checks:
     - the node exists in the configuration
     - it does not have primary or secondary instances
     - it's not the master

    Any errors are signalled by raising errors.OpPrereqError.

    """
    node = self.cfg.GetNodeInfo(self.cfg.ExpandNodeName(self.op.node_name))
    if node is None:
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      raise errors.OpPrereqError, ("Node '%s' is unknown." % self.op.node_name)
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    instance_list = self.cfg.GetInstanceList()

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    masternode = self.sstore.GetMasterNode()
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    if node.name == masternode:
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      raise errors.OpPrereqError("Node is the master node,"
                                 " you need to failover first.")
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    for instance_name in instance_list:
      instance = self.cfg.GetInstanceInfo(instance_name)
      if node.name == instance.primary_node:
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        raise errors.OpPrereqError("Instance %s still running on the node,"
                                   " please remove first." % instance_name)
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      if node.name in instance.secondary_nodes:
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        raise errors.OpPrereqError("Instance %s has node as a secondary,"
                                   " please remove first." % instance_name)
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    self.op.node_name = node.name
    self.node = node

  def Exec(self, feedback_fn):
    """Removes the node from the cluster.

    """
    node = self.node
    logger.Info("stopping the node daemon and removing configs from node %s" %
                node.name)

    rpc.call_node_leave_cluster(node.name)

    ssh.SSHCall(node.name, 'root', "%s stop" % constants.NODE_INITD_SCRIPT)

    logger.Info("Removing node %s from config" % node.name)

    self.cfg.RemoveNode(node.name)


class LUQueryNodes(NoHooksLU):
  """Logical unit for querying nodes.

  """
  _OP_REQP = ["output_fields"]

  def CheckPrereq(self):
    """Check prerequisites.

    This checks that the fields required are valid output fields.

    """
    self.dynamic_fields = frozenset(["dtotal", "dfree",
                                     "mtotal", "mnode", "mfree"])

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    _CheckOutputFields(static=["name", "pinst", "sinst", "pip", "sip"],
                       dynamic=self.dynamic_fields,
                       selected=self.op.output_fields)
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  def Exec(self, feedback_fn):
    """Computes the list of nodes and their attributes.

    """
    nodenames = utils.NiceSort(self.cfg.GetNodeList())
    nodelist = [self.cfg.GetNodeInfo(name) for name in nodenames]


    # begin data gathering

    if self.dynamic_fields.intersection(self.op.output_fields):
      live_data = {}
      node_data = rpc.call_node_info(nodenames, self.cfg.GetVGName())
      for name in nodenames:
        nodeinfo = node_data.get(name, None)
        if nodeinfo:
          live_data[name] = {
            "mtotal": utils.TryConvert(int, nodeinfo['memory_total']),
            "mnode": utils.TryConvert(int, nodeinfo['memory_dom0']),
            "mfree": utils.TryConvert(int, nodeinfo['memory_free']),
            "dtotal": utils.TryConvert(int, nodeinfo['vg_size']),
            "dfree": utils.TryConvert(int, nodeinfo['vg_free']),
            }
        else:
          live_data[name] = {}
    else:
      live_data = dict.fromkeys(nodenames, {})

    node_to_primary = dict.fromkeys(nodenames, 0)
    node_to_secondary = dict.fromkeys(nodenames, 0)

    if "pinst" in self.op.output_fields or "sinst" in self.op.output_fields:
      instancelist = self.cfg.GetInstanceList()

      for instance in instancelist:
        instanceinfo = self.cfg.GetInstanceInfo(instance)
        node_to_primary[instanceinfo.primary_node] += 1
        for secnode in instanceinfo.secondary_nodes:
          node_to_secondary[secnode] += 1

    # end data gathering

    output = []
    for node in nodelist:
      node_output = []
      for field in self.op.output_fields:
        if field == "name":
          val = node.name
        elif field == "pinst":
          val = node_to_primary[node.name]
        elif field == "sinst":
          val = node_to_secondary[node.name]
        elif field == "pip":
          val = node.primary_ip
        elif field == "sip":
          val = node.secondary_ip
        elif field in self.dynamic_fields:
          val = live_data[node.name].get(field, "?")
        else:
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          raise errors.ParameterError(field)
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        val = str(val)
        node_output.append(val)
      output.append(node_output)

    return output


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class LUQueryNodeVolumes(NoHooksLU):
  """Logical unit for getting volumes on node(s).

  """
  _OP_REQP = ["nodes", "output_fields"]

  def CheckPrereq(self):
    """Check prerequisites.

    This checks that the fields required are valid output fields.

    """
    self.nodes = _GetWantedNodes(self, self.op.nodes)

    _CheckOutputFields(static=["node"],
                       dynamic=["phys", "vg", "name", "size", "instance"],
                       selected=self.op.output_fields)


  def Exec(self, feedback_fn):
    """Computes the list of nodes and their attributes.

    """
    nodenames = utils.NiceSort([node.name for node in self.nodes])
    volumes = rpc.call_node_volumes(nodenames)

    ilist = [self.cfg.GetInstanceInfo(iname) for iname
             in self.cfg.GetInstanceList()]

    lv_by_node = dict([(inst, inst.MapLVsByNode()) for inst in ilist])

    output = []
    for node in nodenames:
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      if node not in volumes or not volumes[node]:
        continue

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      node_vols = volumes[node][:]
      node_vols.sort(key=lambda vol: vol['dev'])

      for vol in node_vols:
        node_output = []
        for field in self.op.output_fields:
          if field == "node":
            val = node
          elif field == "phys":
            val = vol['dev']
          elif field == "vg":
            val = vol['vg']
          elif field == "name":
            val = vol['name']
          elif field == "size":
            val = int(float(vol['size']))
          elif field == "instance":
            for inst in ilist:
              if node not in lv_by_node[inst]:
                continue
              if vol['name'] in lv_by_node[inst][node]:
                val = inst.name
                break
            else:
              val = '-'
          else:
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            raise errors.ParameterError(field)
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          node_output.append(str(val))

        output.append(node_output)

    return output


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class LUAddNode(LogicalUnit):
  """Logical unit for adding node to the cluster.

  """
  HPATH = "node-add"
  HTYPE = constants.HTYPE_NODE
  _OP_REQP = ["node_name"]

  def BuildHooksEnv(self):
    """Build hooks env.

    This will run on all nodes before, and on all nodes + the new node after.

    """
    env = {
      "NODE_NAME": self.op.node_name,
      "NODE_PIP": self.op.primary_ip,
      "NODE_SIP": self.op.secondary_ip,
      }
    nodes_0 = self.cfg.GetNodeList()
    nodes_1 = nodes_0 + [self.op.node_name, ]
    return env, nodes_0, nodes_1

  def CheckPrereq(self):
    """Check prerequisites.

    This checks:
     - the new node is not already in the config
     - it is resolvable
     - its parameters (single/dual homed) matches the cluster

    Any errors are signalled by raising errors.OpPrereqError.

    """
    node_name = self.op.node_name
    cfg = self.cfg

    dns_data = utils.LookupHostname(node_name)
    if not dns_data:
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      raise errors.OpPrereqError("Node %s is not resolvable" % node_name)
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    node = dns_data['hostname']
    primary_ip = self.op.primary_ip = dns_data['ip']
    secondary_ip = getattr(self.op, "secondary_ip", None)
    if secondary_ip is None:
      secondary_ip = primary_ip
    if not utils.IsValidIP(secondary_ip):
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      raise errors.OpPrereqError("Invalid secondary IP given")
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    self.op.secondary_ip = secondary_ip
    node_list = cfg.GetNodeList()
    if node in node_list:
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      raise errors.OpPrereqError("Node %s is already in the configuration"
                                 % node)
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    for existing_node_name in node_list:
      existing_node = cfg.GetNodeInfo(existing_node_name)
      if (existing_node.primary_ip == primary_ip or
          existing_node.secondary_ip == primary_ip or
          existing_node.primary_ip == secondary_ip or
          existing_node.secondary_ip == secondary_ip):
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        raise errors.OpPrereqError("New node ip address(es) conflict with"
                                   " existing node %s" % existing_node.name)
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    # check that the type of the node (single versus dual homed) is the
    # same as for the master
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    myself = cfg.GetNodeInfo(self.sstore.GetMasterNode())
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    master_singlehomed = myself.secondary_ip == myself.primary_ip
    newbie_singlehomed = secondary_ip == primary_ip
    if master_singlehomed != newbie_singlehomed:
      if master_singlehomed:
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        raise errors.OpPrereqError("The master has no private ip but the"
                                   " new node has one")
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      else:
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        raise errors.OpPrereqError("The master has a private ip but the"
                                   " new node doesn't have one")
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    # checks reachablity
    command = ["fping", "-q", primary_ip]
    result = utils.RunCmd(command)
    if result.failed:
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      raise errors.OpPrereqError("Node not reachable by ping")
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    if not newbie_singlehomed:
      # check reachability from my secondary ip to newbie's secondary ip
      command = ["fping", "-S%s" % myself.secondary_ip, "-q", secondary_ip]
      result = utils.RunCmd(command)
      if result.failed:
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        raise errors.OpPrereqError("Node secondary ip not reachable by ping")
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    self.new_node = objects.Node(name=node,
                                 primary_ip=primary_ip,
                                 secondary_ip=secondary_ip)

  def Exec(self, feedback_fn):
    """Adds the new node to the cluster.

    """
    new_node = self.new_node
    node = new_node.name

    # set up inter-node password and certificate and restarts the node daemon
    gntpass = self.sstore.GetNodeDaemonPassword()
    if not re.match('^[a-zA-Z0-9.]{1,64}$', gntpass):
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      raise errors.OpExecError("ganeti password corruption detected")
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    f = open(constants.SSL_CERT_FILE)
    try:
      gntpem = f.read(8192)
    finally:
      f.close()
    # in the base64 pem encoding, neither '!' nor '.' are valid chars,
    # so we use this to detect an invalid certificate; as long as the
    # cert doesn't contain this, the here-document will be correctly
    # parsed by the shell sequence below
    if re.search('^!EOF\.', gntpem, re.MULTILINE):
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      raise errors.OpExecError("invalid PEM encoding in the SSL certificate")
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    if not gntpem.endswith("\n"):
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      raise errors.OpExecError("PEM must end with newline")
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    logger.Info("copy cluster pass to %s and starting the node daemon" % node)

    # and then connect with ssh to set password and start ganeti-noded
    # note that all the below variables are sanitized at this point,
    # either by being constants or by the checks above
    ss = self.sstore
    mycommand = ("umask 077 && "
                 "echo '%s' > '%s' && "
                 "cat > '%s' << '!EOF.' && \n"
                 "%s!EOF.\n%s restart" %
                 (gntpass, ss.KeyToFilename(ss.SS_NODED_PASS),
                  constants.SSL_CERT_FILE, gntpem,
                  constants.NODE_INITD_SCRIPT))

    result = ssh.SSHCall(node, 'root', mycommand, batch=False, ask_key=True)
    if result.failed:
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      raise errors.OpExecError("Remote command on node %s, error: %s,"
                               " output: %s" %
                               (node, result.fail_reason, result.output))
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    # check connectivity
    time.sleep(4)

    result = rpc.call_version([node])[node]
    if result:
      if constants.PROTOCOL_VERSION == result:
        logger.Info("communication to node %s fine, sw version %s match" %
                    (node, result))
      else:
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        raise errors.OpExecError("Version mismatch master version %s,"
                                 " node version %s" %
                                 (constants.PROTOCOL_VERSION, result))
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    else:
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      raise errors.OpExecError("Cannot get version from the new node")
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    # setup ssh on node
    logger.Info("copy ssh key to node %s" % node)
    keyarray = []
    keyfiles = ["/etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key", "/etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key.pub",
                "/etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key", "/etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key.pub",
                "/root/.ssh/id_dsa", "/root/.ssh/id_dsa.pub"]

    for i in keyfiles:
      f = open(i, 'r')
      try:
        keyarray.append(f.read())
      finally:
        f.close()

    result = rpc.call_node_add(node, keyarray[0], keyarray[1], keyarray[2],
                               keyarray[3], keyarray[4], keyarray[5])

    if not result:
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      raise errors.OpExecError("Cannot transfer ssh keys to the new node")
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    # Add node to our /etc/hosts, and add key to known_hosts
    _UpdateEtcHosts(new_node.name, new_node.primary_ip)
    _UpdateKnownHosts(new_node.name, new_node.primary_ip,
                      self.cfg.GetHostKey())

    if new_node.secondary_ip != new_node.primary_ip:
      result = ssh.SSHCall(node, "root",
                           "fping -S 127.0.0.1 -q %s" % new_node.secondary_ip)
      if result.failed:
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        raise errors.OpExecError("Node claims it doesn't have the"
                                 " secondary ip you gave (%s).\n"
                                 "Please fix and re-run this command." %
                                 new_node.secondary_ip)
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    success, msg = ssh.VerifyNodeHostname(node)
    if not success:
      raise errors.OpExecError("Node '%s' claims it has a different hostname"
                               " than the one the resolver gives: %s.\n"
                               "Please fix and re-run this command." %
                               (node, msg))

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    # Distribute updated /etc/hosts and known_hosts to all nodes,
    # including the node just added
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    myself = self.cfg.GetNodeInfo(self.sstore.GetMasterNode())
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    dist_nodes = self.cfg.GetNodeList() + [node]
    if myself.name in dist_nodes:
      dist_nodes.remove(myself.name)

    logger.Debug("Copying hosts and known_hosts to all nodes")
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    for fname in ("/etc/hosts", constants.SSH_KNOWN_HOSTS_FILE):
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      result = rpc.call_upload_file(dist_nodes, fname)
      for to_node in dist_nodes:
        if not result[to_node]:
          logger.Error("copy of file %s to node %s failed" %
                       (fname, to_node))

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    to_copy = ss.GetFileList()
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    for fname in to_copy:
      if not ssh.CopyFileToNode(node, fname):
        logger.Error("could not copy file %s to node %s" % (fname, node))

    logger.Info("adding node %s to cluster.conf" % node)
    self.cfg.AddNode(new_node)


class LUMasterFailover(LogicalUnit):
  """Failover the master node to the current node.

  This is a special LU in that it must run on a non-master node.

  """
  HPATH = "master-failover"
  HTYPE = constants.HTYPE_CLUSTER
  REQ_MASTER = False
  _OP_REQP = []

  def BuildHooksEnv(self):
    """Build hooks env.

    This will run on the new master only in the pre phase, and on all
    the nodes in the post phase.

    """
    env = {
      "NEW_MASTER": self.new_master,
      "OLD_MASTER": self.old_master,
      }
    return env, [self.new_master], self.cfg.GetNodeList()

  def CheckPrereq(self):
    """Check prerequisites.

    This checks that we are not already the master.

    """
    self.new_master = socket.gethostname()

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    self.old_master = self.sstore.GetMasterNode()
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    if self.old_master == self.new_master:
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      raise errors.OpPrereqError("This commands must be run on the node"
                                 " where you want the new master to be.\n"
                                 "%s is already the master" %
                                 self.old_master)
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  def Exec(self, feedback_fn):
    """Failover the master node.

    This command, when run on a non-master node, will cause the current
    master to cease being master, and the non-master to become new
    master.

    """
    #TODO: do not rely on gethostname returning the FQDN
    logger.Info("setting master to %s, old master: %s" %
                (self.new_master, self.old_master))

    if not rpc.call_node_stop_master(self.old_master):
      logger.Error("could disable the master role on the old master"
                   " %s, please disable manually" % self.old_master)

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    ss = self.sstore
    ss.SetKey(ss.SS_MASTER_NODE, self.new_master)
    if not rpc.call_upload_file(self.cfg.GetNodeList(),
                                ss.KeyToFilename(ss.SS_MASTER_NODE)):
      logger.Error("could not distribute the new simple store master file"
                   " to the other nodes, please check.")

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    if not rpc.call_node_start_master(self.new_master):
      logger.Error("could not start the master role on the new master"
                   " %s, please check" % self.new_master)
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      feedback_fn("Error in activating the master IP on the new master,\n"
                  "please fix manually.")
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class LUQueryClusterInfo(NoHooksLU):
  """Query cluster configuration.

  """
  _OP_REQP = []
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  REQ_MASTER = False