config.py 47.8 KB
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#
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#

# Copyright (C) 2006, 2007 Google Inc.
#
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
#
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
# WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
# General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
# Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
# 02110-1301, USA.


"""Configuration management for Ganeti

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This module provides the interface to the Ganeti cluster configuration.
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The configuration data is stored on every node but is updated on the master
only. After each update, the master distributes the data to the other nodes.
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Currently, the data storage format is JSON. YAML was slow and consuming too
much memory.
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"""

import os
import random
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import logging
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import time
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from ganeti import errors
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from ganeti import locking
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from ganeti import utils
from ganeti import constants
from ganeti import rpc
from ganeti import objects
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from ganeti import serializer
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_config_lock = locking.SharedLock()

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# job id used for resource management at config upgrade time
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_UPGRADE_CONFIG_JID = "jid-cfg-upgrade"
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def _ValidateConfig(data):
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  """Verifies that a configuration objects looks valid.

  This only verifies the version of the configuration.

  @raise errors.ConfigurationError: if the version differs from what
      we expect

  """
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  if data.version != constants.CONFIG_VERSION:
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    raise errors.ConfigurationError("Cluster configuration version"
                                    " mismatch, got %s instead of %s" %
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                                    (data.version,
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                                     constants.CONFIG_VERSION))
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class TemporaryReservationManager:
  """A temporary resource reservation manager.

  This is used to reserve resources in a job, before using them, making sure
  other jobs cannot get them in the meantime.

  """
  def __init__(self):
    self._ec_reserved = {}

  def Reserved(self, resource):
    for holder_reserved in self._ec_reserved.items():
      if resource in holder_reserved:
        return True
    return False

  def Reserve(self, ec_id, resource):
    if self.Reserved(resource):
      raise errors.ReservationError("Duplicate reservation for resource: %s." %
                                    (resource))
    if ec_id not in self._ec_reserved:
      self._ec_reserved[ec_id] = set([resource])
    else:
      self._ec_reserved[ec_id].add(resource)

  def DropECReservations(self, ec_id):
    if ec_id in self._ec_reserved:
      del self._ec_reserved[ec_id]

  def GetReserved(self):
    all_reserved = set()
    for holder_reserved in self._ec_reserved.values():
      all_reserved.update(holder_reserved)
    return all_reserved

  def Generate(self, existing, generate_one_fn, ec_id):
    """Generate a new resource of this type

    """
    assert callable(generate_one_fn)

    all_elems = self.GetReserved()
    all_elems.update(existing)
    retries = 64
    while retries > 0:
      new_resource = generate_one_fn()
      if new_resource is not None and new_resource not in all_elems:
        break
    else:
      raise errors.ConfigurationError("Not able generate new resource"
                                      " (last tried: %s)" % new_resource)
    self.Reserve(ec_id, new_resource)
    return new_resource


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class ConfigWriter:
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  """The interface to the cluster configuration.
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  @ivar _temporary_lvs: reservation manager for temporary LVs
  @ivar _all_rms: a list of all temporary reservation managers

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  """
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  def __init__(self, cfg_file=None, offline=False):
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    self.write_count = 0
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    self._lock = _config_lock
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    self._config_data = None
    self._offline = offline
    if cfg_file is None:
      self._cfg_file = constants.CLUSTER_CONF_FILE
    else:
      self._cfg_file = cfg_file
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    self._temporary_ids = TemporaryReservationManager()
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    self._temporary_drbds = {}
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    self._temporary_macs = TemporaryReservationManager()
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    self._temporary_secrets = TemporaryReservationManager()
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    self._temporary_lvs = TemporaryReservationManager()
    self._all_rms = [self._temporary_ids, self._temporary_macs,
                     self._temporary_secrets, self._temporary_lvs]
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    # Note: in order to prevent errors when resolving our name in
    # _DistributeConfig, we compute it here once and reuse it; it's
    # better to raise an error before starting to modify the config
    # file than after it was modified
    self._my_hostname = utils.HostInfo().name
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    self._last_cluster_serial = -1
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    self._OpenConfig()
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  # this method needs to be static, so that we can call it on the class
  @staticmethod
  def IsCluster():
    """Check if the cluster is configured.

    """
    return os.path.exists(constants.CLUSTER_CONF_FILE)

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  def _GenerateOneMAC(self):
    """Generate one mac address

    """
    prefix = self._config_data.cluster.mac_prefix
    byte1 = random.randrange(0, 256)
    byte2 = random.randrange(0, 256)
    byte3 = random.randrange(0, 256)
    mac = "%s:%02x:%02x:%02x" % (prefix, byte1, byte2, byte3)
    return mac

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
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  def GenerateMAC(self, ec_id):
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    """Generate a MAC for an instance.

    This should check the current instances for duplicates.

    """
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    existing = self._AllMACs()
    return self._temporary_ids.Generate(existing, self._GenerateOneMAC, ec_id)
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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
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  def ReserveMAC(self, mac, ec_id):
    """Reserve a MAC for an instance.
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    This only checks instances managed by this cluster, it does not
    check for potential collisions elsewhere.

    """
    all_macs = self._AllMACs()
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    if mac in all_macs:
      raise errors.ReservationError("mac already in use")
    else:
      self._temporary_macs.Reserve(mac, ec_id)
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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
  def ReserveLV(self, lv_name, ec_id):
    """Reserve an VG/LV pair for an instance.

    @type lv_name: string
    @param lv_name: the logical volume name to reserve

    """
    all_lvs = self._AllLVs()
    if lv_name in all_lvs:
      raise errors.ReservationError("LV already in use")
    else:
      self._temporary_lvs.Reserve(lv_name, ec_id)

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
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  def GenerateDRBDSecret(self, ec_id):
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    """Generate a DRBD secret.

    This checks the current disks for duplicates.

    """
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    return self._temporary_secrets.Generate(self._AllDRBDSecrets(),
                                            utils.GenerateSecret,
                                            ec_id)
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  def _AllLVs(self):
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    """Compute the list of all LVs.

    """
    lvnames = set()
    for instance in self._config_data.instances.values():
      node_data = instance.MapLVsByNode()
      for lv_list in node_data.values():
        lvnames.update(lv_list)
    return lvnames

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  def _AllIDs(self, include_temporary):
    """Compute the list of all UUIDs and names we have.

    @type include_temporary: boolean
    @param include_temporary: whether to include the _temporary_ids set
    @rtype: set
    @return: a set of IDs

    """
    existing = set()
    if include_temporary:
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      existing.update(self._temporary_ids.GetReserved())
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    existing.update(self._AllLVs())
    existing.update(self._config_data.instances.keys())
    existing.update(self._config_data.nodes.keys())
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    existing.update([i.uuid for i in self._AllUUIDObjects() if i.uuid])
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    return existing

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  def _GenerateUniqueID(self, ec_id):
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    """Generate an unique UUID.
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    This checks the current node, instances and disk names for
    duplicates.

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    @rtype: string
    @return: the unique id
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    """
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    existing = self._AllIDs(include_temporary=False)
    return self._temporary_ids.Generate(existing, utils.NewUUID, ec_id)
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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
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  def GenerateUniqueID(self, ec_id):
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    """Generate an unique ID.

    This is just a wrapper over the unlocked version.

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    @type ec_id: string
    @param ec_id: unique id for the job to reserve the id to
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    """
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    return self._GenerateUniqueID(ec_id)
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  def _AllMACs(self):
    """Return all MACs present in the config.

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    @rtype: list
    @return: the list of all MACs

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    """
    result = []
    for instance in self._config_data.instances.values():
      for nic in instance.nics:
        result.append(nic.mac)

    return result

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  def _AllDRBDSecrets(self):
    """Return all DRBD secrets present in the config.

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    @rtype: list
    @return: the list of all DRBD secrets

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    """
    def helper(disk, result):
      """Recursively gather secrets from this disk."""
      if disk.dev_type == constants.DT_DRBD8:
        result.append(disk.logical_id[5])
      if disk.children:
        for child in disk.children:
          helper(child, result)

    result = []
    for instance in self._config_data.instances.values():
      for disk in instance.disks:
        helper(disk, result)

    return result

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  def _CheckDiskIDs(self, disk, l_ids, p_ids):
    """Compute duplicate disk IDs

    @type disk: L{objects.Disk}
    @param disk: the disk at which to start searching
    @type l_ids: list
    @param l_ids: list of current logical ids
    @type p_ids: list
    @param p_ids: list of current physical ids
    @rtype: list
    @return: a list of error messages

    """
    result = []
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    if disk.logical_id is not None:
      if disk.logical_id in l_ids:
        result.append("duplicate logical id %s" % str(disk.logical_id))
      else:
        l_ids.append(disk.logical_id)
    if disk.physical_id is not None:
      if disk.physical_id in p_ids:
        result.append("duplicate physical id %s" % str(disk.physical_id))
      else:
        p_ids.append(disk.physical_id)
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    if disk.children:
      for child in disk.children:
        result.extend(self._CheckDiskIDs(child, l_ids, p_ids))
    return result

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  def _UnlockedVerifyConfig(self):
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    """Verify function.

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    @rtype: list
    @return: a list of error messages; a non-empty list signifies
        configuration errors

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    """
    result = []
    seen_macs = []
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    ports = {}
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    data = self._config_data
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    seen_lids = []
    seen_pids = []
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    # global cluster checks
    if not data.cluster.enabled_hypervisors:
      result.append("enabled hypervisors list doesn't have any entries")
    invalid_hvs = set(data.cluster.enabled_hypervisors) - constants.HYPER_TYPES
    if invalid_hvs:
      result.append("enabled hypervisors contains invalid entries: %s" %
                    invalid_hvs)

    if data.cluster.master_node not in data.nodes:
      result.append("cluster has invalid primary node '%s'" %
                    data.cluster.master_node)

    # per-instance checks
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    for instance_name in data.instances:
      instance = data.instances[instance_name]
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      if instance.name != instance_name:
        result.append("instance '%s' is indexed by wrong name '%s'" %
                      (instance.name, instance_name))
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      if instance.primary_node not in data.nodes:
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        result.append("instance '%s' has invalid primary node '%s'" %
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                      (instance_name, instance.primary_node))
      for snode in instance.secondary_nodes:
        if snode not in data.nodes:
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          result.append("instance '%s' has invalid secondary node '%s'" %
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                        (instance_name, snode))
      for idx, nic in enumerate(instance.nics):
        if nic.mac in seen_macs:
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          result.append("instance '%s' has NIC %d mac %s duplicate" %
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                        (instance_name, idx, nic.mac))
        else:
          seen_macs.append(nic.mac)
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      # gather the drbd ports for duplicate checks
      for dsk in instance.disks:
        if dsk.dev_type in constants.LDS_DRBD:
          tcp_port = dsk.logical_id[2]
          if tcp_port not in ports:
            ports[tcp_port] = []
          ports[tcp_port].append((instance.name, "drbd disk %s" % dsk.iv_name))
      # gather network port reservation
      net_port = getattr(instance, "network_port", None)
      if net_port is not None:
        if net_port not in ports:
          ports[net_port] = []
        ports[net_port].append((instance.name, "network port"))

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      # instance disk verify
      for idx, disk in enumerate(instance.disks):
        result.extend(["instance '%s' disk %d error: %s" %
                       (instance.name, idx, msg) for msg in disk.Verify()])
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        result.extend(self._CheckDiskIDs(disk, seen_lids, seen_pids))
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    # cluster-wide pool of free ports
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    for free_port in data.cluster.tcpudp_port_pool:
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      if free_port not in ports:
        ports[free_port] = []
      ports[free_port].append(("cluster", "port marked as free"))

    # compute tcp/udp duplicate ports
    keys = ports.keys()
    keys.sort()
    for pnum in keys:
      pdata = ports[pnum]
      if len(pdata) > 1:
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        txt = utils.CommaJoin(["%s/%s" % val for val in pdata])
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        result.append("tcp/udp port %s has duplicates: %s" % (pnum, txt))

    # highest used tcp port check
    if keys:
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      if keys[-1] > data.cluster.highest_used_port:
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        result.append("Highest used port mismatch, saved %s, computed %s" %
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                      (data.cluster.highest_used_port, keys[-1]))

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    if not data.nodes[data.cluster.master_node].master_candidate:
      result.append("Master node is not a master candidate")

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    # master candidate checks
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    mc_now, mc_max, _ = self._UnlockedGetMasterCandidateStats()
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    if mc_now < mc_max:
      result.append("Not enough master candidates: actual %d, target %d" %
                    (mc_now, mc_max))
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    # node checks
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    for node_name, node in data.nodes.items():
      if node.name != node_name:
        result.append("Node '%s' is indexed by wrong name '%s'" %
                      (node.name, node_name))
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      if [node.master_candidate, node.drained, node.offline].count(True) > 1:
        result.append("Node %s state is invalid: master_candidate=%s,"
                      " drain=%s, offline=%s" %
                      (node.name, node.master_candidate, node.drain,
                       node.offline))

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    # drbd minors check
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    _, duplicates = self._UnlockedComputeDRBDMap()
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    for node, minor, instance_a, instance_b in duplicates:
      result.append("DRBD minor %d on node %s is assigned twice to instances"
                    " %s and %s" % (minor, node, instance_a, instance_b))

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    # IP checks
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    default_nicparams = data.cluster.nicparams[constants.PP_DEFAULT]
    ips = {}

    def _AddIpAddress(ip, name):
      ips.setdefault(ip, []).append(name)

    _AddIpAddress(data.cluster.master_ip, "cluster_ip")
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    for node in data.nodes.values():
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      _AddIpAddress(node.primary_ip, "node:%s/primary" % node.name)
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      if node.secondary_ip != node.primary_ip:
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        _AddIpAddress(node.secondary_ip, "node:%s/secondary" % node.name)

    for instance in data.instances.values():
      for idx, nic in enumerate(instance.nics):
        if nic.ip is None:
          continue

        nicparams = objects.FillDict(default_nicparams, nic.nicparams)
        nic_mode = nicparams[constants.NIC_MODE]
        nic_link = nicparams[constants.NIC_LINK]

        if nic_mode == constants.NIC_MODE_BRIDGED:
          link = "bridge:%s" % nic_link
        elif nic_mode == constants.NIC_MODE_ROUTED:
          link = "route:%s" % nic_link
        else:
          raise errors.ProgrammerError("NIC mode '%s' not handled" % nic_mode)

        _AddIpAddress("%s/%s" % (link, nic.ip),
                      "instance:%s/nic:%d" % (instance.name, idx))
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    for ip, owners in ips.items():
      if len(owners) > 1:
        result.append("IP address %s is used by multiple owners: %s" %
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                      (ip, utils.CommaJoin(owners)))
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    return result

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
  def VerifyConfig(self):
    """Verify function.

    This is just a wrapper over L{_UnlockedVerifyConfig}.

    @rtype: list
    @return: a list of error messages; a non-empty list signifies
        configuration errors

    """
    return self._UnlockedVerifyConfig()

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  def _UnlockedSetDiskID(self, disk, node_name):
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    """Convert the unique ID to the ID needed on the target nodes.

    This is used only for drbd, which needs ip/port configuration.

    The routine descends down and updates its children also, because
    this helps when the only the top device is passed to the remote
    node.

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    This function is for internal use, when the config lock is already held.

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    """
    if disk.children:
      for child in disk.children:
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        self._UnlockedSetDiskID(child, node_name)
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    if disk.logical_id is None and disk.physical_id is not None:
      return
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    if disk.dev_type == constants.LD_DRBD8:
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      pnode, snode, port, pminor, sminor, secret = disk.logical_id
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      if node_name not in (pnode, snode):
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        raise errors.ConfigurationError("DRBD device not knowing node %s" %
                                        node_name)
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      pnode_info = self._UnlockedGetNodeInfo(pnode)
      snode_info = self._UnlockedGetNodeInfo(snode)
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      if pnode_info is None or snode_info is None:
        raise errors.ConfigurationError("Can't find primary or secondary node"
                                        " for %s" % str(disk))
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      p_data = (pnode_info.secondary_ip, port)
      s_data = (snode_info.secondary_ip, port)
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      if pnode == node_name:
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        disk.physical_id = p_data + s_data + (pminor, secret)
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      else: # it must be secondary, we tested above
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        disk.physical_id = s_data + p_data + (sminor, secret)
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    else:
      disk.physical_id = disk.logical_id
    return

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock)
  def SetDiskID(self, disk, node_name):
    """Convert the unique ID to the ID needed on the target nodes.

    This is used only for drbd, which needs ip/port configuration.

    The routine descends down and updates its children also, because
    this helps when the only the top device is passed to the remote
    node.

    """
    return self._UnlockedSetDiskID(disk, node_name)

  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock)
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  def AddTcpUdpPort(self, port):
    """Adds a new port to the available port pool.

    """
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    if not isinstance(port, int):
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      raise errors.ProgrammerError("Invalid type passed for port")
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    self._config_data.cluster.tcpudp_port_pool.add(port)
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    self._WriteConfig()

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
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  def GetPortList(self):
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    """Returns a copy of the current port list.

    """
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    return self._config_data.cluster.tcpudp_port_pool.copy()
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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock)
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  def AllocatePort(self):
    """Allocate a port.

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    The port will be taken from the available port pool or from the
    default port range (and in this case we increase
    highest_used_port).
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    """
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    # If there are TCP/IP ports configured, we use them first.
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    if self._config_data.cluster.tcpudp_port_pool:
      port = self._config_data.cluster.tcpudp_port_pool.pop()
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    else:
      port = self._config_data.cluster.highest_used_port + 1
      if port >= constants.LAST_DRBD_PORT:
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        raise errors.ConfigurationError("The highest used port is greater"
                                        " than %s. Aborting." %
                                        constants.LAST_DRBD_PORT)
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      self._config_data.cluster.highest_used_port = port
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    self._WriteConfig()
    return port

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  def _UnlockedComputeDRBDMap(self):
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    """Compute the used DRBD minor/nodes.

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    @rtype: (dict, list)
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    @return: dictionary of node_name: dict of minor: instance_name;
        the returned dict will have all the nodes in it (even if with
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        an empty list), and a list of duplicates; if the duplicates
        list is not empty, the configuration is corrupted and its caller
        should raise an exception
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    """
    def _AppendUsedPorts(instance_name, disk, used):
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      duplicates = []
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      if disk.dev_type == constants.LD_DRBD8 and len(disk.logical_id) >= 5:
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        node_a, node_b, _, minor_a, minor_b = disk.logical_id[:5]
        for node, port in ((node_a, minor_a), (node_b, minor_b)):
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          assert node in used, ("Node '%s' of instance '%s' not found"
                                " in node list" % (node, instance_name))
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          if port in used[node]:
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            duplicates.append((node, port, instance_name, used[node][port]))
          else:
            used[node][port] = instance_name
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      if disk.children:
        for child in disk.children:
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          duplicates.extend(_AppendUsedPorts(instance_name, child, used))
      return duplicates
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    duplicates = []
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    my_dict = dict((node, {}) for node in self._config_data.nodes)
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    for instance in self._config_data.instances.itervalues():
      for disk in instance.disks:
        duplicates.extend(_AppendUsedPorts(instance.name, disk, my_dict))
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    for (node, minor), instance in self._temporary_drbds.iteritems():
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      if minor in my_dict[node] and my_dict[node][minor] != instance:
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        duplicates.append((node, minor, instance, my_dict[node][minor]))
      else:
        my_dict[node][minor] = instance
    return my_dict, duplicates
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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock)
  def ComputeDRBDMap(self):
    """Compute the used DRBD minor/nodes.

    This is just a wrapper over L{_UnlockedComputeDRBDMap}.

    @return: dictionary of node_name: dict of minor: instance_name;
        the returned dict will have all the nodes in it (even if with
        an empty list).

    """
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    d_map, duplicates = self._UnlockedComputeDRBDMap()
    if duplicates:
      raise errors.ConfigurationError("Duplicate DRBD ports detected: %s" %
                                      str(duplicates))
    return d_map
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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock)
  def AllocateDRBDMinor(self, nodes, instance):
    """Allocate a drbd minor.

    The free minor will be automatically computed from the existing
    devices. A node can be given multiple times in order to allocate
    multiple minors. The result is the list of minors, in the same
    order as the passed nodes.

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    @type instance: string
    @param instance: the instance for which we allocate minors

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    """
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    assert isinstance(instance, basestring), \
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           "Invalid argument '%s' passed to AllocateDRBDMinor" % instance
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    d_map, duplicates = self._UnlockedComputeDRBDMap()
    if duplicates:
      raise errors.ConfigurationError("Duplicate DRBD ports detected: %s" %
                                      str(duplicates))
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    result = []
    for nname in nodes:
      ndata = d_map[nname]
      if not ndata:
        # no minors used, we can start at 0
        result.append(0)
        ndata[0] = instance
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        self._temporary_drbds[(nname, 0)] = instance
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        continue
      keys = ndata.keys()
      keys.sort()
      ffree = utils.FirstFree(keys)
      if ffree is None:
        # return the next minor
        # TODO: implement high-limit check
        minor = keys[-1] + 1
      else:
        minor = ffree
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      # double-check minor against current instances
      assert minor not in d_map[nname], \
             ("Attempt to reuse allocated DRBD minor %d on node %s,"
              " already allocated to instance %s" %
              (minor, nname, d_map[nname][minor]))
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      ndata[minor] = instance
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      # double-check minor against reservation
      r_key = (nname, minor)
      assert r_key not in self._temporary_drbds, \
             ("Attempt to reuse reserved DRBD minor %d on node %s,"
              " reserved for instance %s" %
              (minor, nname, self._temporary_drbds[r_key]))
      self._temporary_drbds[r_key] = instance
      result.append(minor)
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    logging.debug("Request to allocate drbd minors, input: %s, returning %s",
                  nodes, result)
    return result

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  def _UnlockedReleaseDRBDMinors(self, instance):
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    """Release temporary drbd minors allocated for a given instance.

    @type instance: string
    @param instance: the instance for which temporary minors should be
                     released

    """
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    assert isinstance(instance, basestring), \
           "Invalid argument passed to ReleaseDRBDMinors"
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    for key, name in self._temporary_drbds.items():
      if name == instance:
        del self._temporary_drbds[key]

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock)
  def ReleaseDRBDMinors(self, instance):
    """Release temporary drbd minors allocated for a given instance.

    This should be called on the error paths, on the success paths
    it's automatically called by the ConfigWriter add and update
    functions.

    This function is just a wrapper over L{_UnlockedReleaseDRBDMinors}.

    @type instance: string
    @param instance: the instance for which temporary minors should be
                     released

    """
    self._UnlockedReleaseDRBDMinors(instance)

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
  def GetConfigVersion(self):
    """Get the configuration version.

    @return: Config version

    """
    return self._config_data.version

  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
  def GetClusterName(self):
    """Get cluster name.

    @return: Cluster name

    """
    return self._config_data.cluster.cluster_name

  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
  def GetMasterNode(self):
    """Get the hostname of the master node for this cluster.

    @return: Master hostname

    """
    return self._config_data.cluster.master_node

  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
  def GetMasterIP(self):
    """Get the IP of the master node for this cluster.

    @return: Master IP

    """
    return self._config_data.cluster.master_ip

  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
  def GetMasterNetdev(self):
    """Get the master network device for this cluster.

    """
    return self._config_data.cluster.master_netdev

  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
  def GetFileStorageDir(self):
    """Get the file storage dir for this cluster.

    """
    return self._config_data.cluster.file_storage_dir

  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
  def GetHypervisorType(self):
    """Get the hypervisor type for this cluster.

    """
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    return self._config_data.cluster.enabled_hypervisors[0]
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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
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  def GetHostKey(self):
    """Return the rsa hostkey from the config.

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    @rtype: string
    @return: the rsa hostkey
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    """
    return self._config_data.cluster.rsahostkeypub

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock)
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  def AddInstance(self, instance, ec_id):
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    """Add an instance to the config.

    This should be used after creating a new instance.

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    @type instance: L{objects.Instance}
    @param instance: the instance object

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    """
    if not isinstance(instance, objects.Instance):
      raise errors.ProgrammerError("Invalid type passed to AddInstance")

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    if instance.disk_template != constants.DT_DISKLESS:
      all_lvs = instance.MapLVsByNode()
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      logging.info("Instance '%s' DISK_LAYOUT: %s", instance.name, all_lvs)
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    all_macs = self._AllMACs()
    for nic in instance.nics:
      if nic.mac in all_macs:
        raise errors.ConfigurationError("Cannot add instance %s:"
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                                        " MAC address '%s' already in use." %
                                        (instance.name, nic.mac))

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    self._EnsureUUID(instance, ec_id)
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    instance.serial_no = 1
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    instance.ctime = instance.mtime = time.time()
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    self._config_data.instances[instance.name] = instance
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    self._config_data.cluster.serial_no += 1
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    self._UnlockedReleaseDRBDMinors(instance.name)
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    self._WriteConfig()

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  def _EnsureUUID(self, item, ec_id):
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    """Ensures a given object has a valid UUID.

    @param item: the instance or node to be checked
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    @param ec_id: the execution context id for the uuid reservation
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    """
    if not item.uuid:
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      item.uuid = self._GenerateUniqueID(ec_id)
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    elif item.uuid in self._AllIDs(include_temporary=True):
      raise errors.ConfigurationError("Cannot add '%s': UUID %s already"
                                      " in use" % (item.name, item.uuid))
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  def _SetInstanceStatus(self, instance_name, status):
    """Set the instance's status to a given value.
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    """
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    assert isinstance(status, bool), \
           "Invalid status '%s' passed to SetInstanceStatus" % (status,)
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    if instance_name not in self._config_data.instances:
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      raise errors.ConfigurationError("Unknown instance '%s'" %
                                      instance_name)
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    instance = self._config_data.instances[instance_name]
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    if instance.admin_up != status:
      instance.admin_up = status
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      instance.serial_no += 1
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      instance.mtime = time.time()
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      self._WriteConfig()
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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock)
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  def MarkInstanceUp(self, instance_name):
    """Mark the instance status to up in the config.

    """
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    self._SetInstanceStatus(instance_name, True)
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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock)
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  def RemoveInstance(self, instance_name):
    """Remove the instance from the configuration.

    """
    if instance_name not in self._config_data.instances:
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      raise errors.ConfigurationError("Unknown instance '%s'" % instance_name)
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    del self._config_data.instances[instance_name]
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    self._config_data.cluster.serial_no += 1
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    self._WriteConfig()

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock)
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  def RenameInstance(self, old_name, new_name):
    """Rename an instance.

    This needs to be done in ConfigWriter and not by RemoveInstance
    combined with AddInstance as only we can guarantee an atomic
    rename.

    """
    if old_name not in self._config_data.instances:
      raise errors.ConfigurationError("Unknown instance '%s'" % old_name)
    inst = self._config_data.instances[old_name]
    del self._config_data.instances[old_name]
    inst.name = new_name
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    for disk in inst.disks:
      if disk.dev_type == constants.LD_FILE:
        # rename the file paths in logical and physical id
        file_storage_dir = os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(disk.logical_id[1]))
        disk.physical_id = disk.logical_id = (disk.logical_id[0],
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                                              utils.PathJoin(file_storage_dir,
                                                             inst.name,
                                                             disk.iv_name))
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    self._config_data.instances[inst.name] = inst
    self._WriteConfig()

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock)
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  def MarkInstanceDown(self, instance_name):
    """Mark the status of an instance to down in the configuration.

    """
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    self._SetInstanceStatus(instance_name, False)
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  def _UnlockedGetInstanceList(self):
    """Get the list of instances.

    This function is for internal use, when the config lock is already held.

    """
    return self._config_data.instances.keys()

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
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  def GetInstanceList(self):
    """Get the list of instances.

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    @return: array of instances, ex. ['instance2.example.com',
        'instance1.example.com']
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    """
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    return self._UnlockedGetInstanceList()
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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
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  def ExpandInstanceName(self, short_name):
    """Attempt to expand an incomplete instance name.

    """
    return utils.MatchNameComponent(short_name,
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                                    self._config_data.instances.keys(),
                                    case_sensitive=False)
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  def _UnlockedGetInstanceInfo(self, instance_name):
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    """Returns information about an instance.
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    This function is for internal use, when the config lock is already held.

    """
    if instance_name not in self._config_data.instances:
      return None

    return self._config_data.instances[instance_name]

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
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  def GetInstanceInfo(self, instance_name):
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    """Returns information about an instance.
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    It takes the information from the configuration file. Other information of
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    an instance are taken from the live systems.

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    @param instance_name: name of the instance, e.g.
        I{instance1.example.com}
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    @rtype: L{objects.Instance}
    @return: the instance object
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    """
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    return self._UnlockedGetInstanceInfo(instance_name)
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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
  def GetAllInstancesInfo(self):
    """Get the configuration of all instances.

    @rtype: dict
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    @return: dict of (instance, instance_info), where instance_info is what
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              would GetInstanceInfo return for the node

    """
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    my_dict = dict([(instance, self._UnlockedGetInstanceInfo(instance))
                    for instance in self._UnlockedGetInstanceList()])
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    return my_dict

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock)
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  def AddNode(self, node, ec_id):
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    """Add a node to the configuration.

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    @type node: L{objects.Node}
    @param node: a Node instance
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    """
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    logging.info("Adding node %s to configuration", node.name)
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    self._EnsureUUID(node, ec_id)
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    node.serial_no = 1
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    node.ctime = node.mtime = time.time()
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    self._config_data.nodes[node.name] = node
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    self._config_data.cluster.serial_no += 1
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    self._WriteConfig()

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock)
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  def RemoveNode(self, node_name):
    """Remove a node from the configuration.

    """
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    logging.info("Removing node %s from configuration", node_name)
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    if node_name not in self._config_data.nodes:
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      raise errors.ConfigurationError("Unknown node '%s'" % node_name)
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    del self._config_data.nodes[node_name]
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    self._config_data.cluster.serial_no += 1
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    self._WriteConfig()

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
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  def ExpandNodeName(self, short_name):
    """Attempt to expand an incomplete instance name.

    """
    return utils.MatchNameComponent(short_name,
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                                    self._config_data.nodes.keys(),
                                    case_sensitive=False)
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  def _UnlockedGetNodeInfo(self, node_name):
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    """Get the configuration of a node, as stored in the config.

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    This function is for internal use, when the config lock is already
    held.
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    @param node_name: the node name, e.g. I{node1.example.com}
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    @rtype: L{objects.Node}
    @return: the node object
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    """
    if node_name not in self._config_data.nodes:
      return None

    return self._config_data.nodes[node_name]

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
  def GetNodeInfo(self, node_name):
    """Get the configuration of a node, as stored in the config.

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    This is just a locked wrapper over L{_UnlockedGetNodeInfo}.
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    @param node_name: the node name, e.g. I{node1.example.com}

    @rtype: L{objects.Node}
    @return: the node object
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    """
    return self._UnlockedGetNodeInfo(node_name)

  def _UnlockedGetNodeList(self):
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    """Return the list of nodes which are in the configuration.

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    This function is for internal use, when the config lock is already
    held.

    @rtype: list
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    """
    return self._config_data.nodes.keys()

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
  def GetNodeList(self):
    """Return the list of nodes which are in the configuration.

    """
    return self._UnlockedGetNodeList()

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  def _UnlockedGetOnlineNodeList(self):
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    """Return the list of nodes which are online.

    """
    all_nodes = [self._UnlockedGetNodeInfo(node)
                 for node in self._UnlockedGetNodeList()]
    return [node.name for node in all_nodes if not node.offline]

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
  def GetOnlineNodeList(self):
    """Return the list of nodes which are online.

    """
    return self._UnlockedGetOnlineNodeList()

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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
  def GetAllNodesInfo(self):
    """Get the configuration of all nodes.

    @rtype: dict
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    @return: dict of (node, node_info), where node_info is what
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              would GetNodeInfo return for the node

    """
    my_dict = dict([(node, self._UnlockedGetNodeInfo(node))
                    for node in self._UnlockedGetNodeList()])
    return my_dict

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  def _UnlockedGetMasterCandidateStats(self, exceptions=None):
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    """Get the number of current and maximum desired and possible candidates.

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    @type exceptions: list
    @param exceptions: if passed, list of nodes that should be ignored
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    @rtype: tuple
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    @return: tuple of (current, desired and possible, possible)
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    """
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    mc_now = mc_should = mc_max = 0
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    for node in self._config_data.nodes.values():
      if exceptions and node.name in exceptions:
        continue
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      if not (node.offline or node.drained):
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        mc_max += 1
      if node.master_candidate:
        mc_now += 1
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    mc_should = min(mc_max, self._config_data.cluster.candidate_pool_size)
    return (mc_now, mc_should, mc_max)
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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock, shared=1)
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  def GetMasterCandidateStats(self, exceptions=None):
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    """Get the number of current and maximum possible candidates.

    This is just a wrapper over L{_UnlockedGetMasterCandidateStats}.

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    @type exceptions: list
    @param exceptions: if passed, list of nodes that should be ignored
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    @rtype: tuple
    @return: tuple of (current, max)

    """
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    return self._UnlockedGetMasterCandidateStats(exceptions)
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  @locking.ssynchronized(_config_lock)
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  def MaintainCandidatePool(self, exceptions):
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    """Try to grow the candidate pool to the desired size.

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    @type exceptions: list
    @param exceptions: if passed, list of nodes that should be ignored
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    @rtype: list
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    @return: list with the adjusted nodes (L{objects.Node} instances)
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    """
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    mc_now, mc_max, _ = self._UnlockedGetMasterCandidateStats(exceptions)
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    mod_list = []
    if mc_now < mc_max:
      node_list = self._config_data.nodes.keys()
      random.shuffle(node_list)
      for name in node_list:
        if mc_now >= mc_max:
          break
        node = self._config_data.nodes[name]
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        if (node.master_candidate or node.offline