README.md 7.98 KB
Newer Older
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253
argparse
========

[![Build Status](https://secure.travis-ci.org/nodeca/argparse.png?branch=master)](http://travis-ci.org/nodeca/argparse)
[![NPM version](https://img.shields.io/npm/v/argparse.svg)](https://www.npmjs.org/package/argparse)

CLI arguments parser for node.js. Javascript port of python's
[argparse](http://docs.python.org/dev/library/argparse.html) module
(original version 3.2). That's a full port, except some very rare options,
recorded in issue tracker.

**NB. Difference with original.**

- Method names changed to camelCase. See [generated docs](http://nodeca.github.com/argparse/).
- Use `defaultValue` instead of `default`.


Example
=======

test.js file:

```javascript
#!/usr/bin/env node
'use strict';

var ArgumentParser = require('../lib/argparse').ArgumentParser;
var parser = new ArgumentParser({
  version: '0.0.1',
  addHelp:true,
  description: 'Argparse example'
});
parser.addArgument(
  [ '-f', '--foo' ],
  {
    help: 'foo bar'
  }
);
parser.addArgument(
  [ '-b', '--bar' ],
  {
    help: 'bar foo'
  }
);
parser.addArgument(
  '--baz',
  {
    help: 'baz bar'
  }
);
var args = parser.parseArgs();
console.dir(args);
```

Display help:

```
$ ./test.js -h
usage: example.js [-h] [-v] [-f FOO] [-b BAR] [--baz BAZ]

Argparse example

Optional arguments:
  -h, --help         Show this help message and exit.
  -v, --version      Show program's version number and exit.
  -f FOO, --foo FOO  foo bar
  -b BAR, --bar BAR  bar foo
  --baz BAZ          baz bar
```

Parse arguments:

```
$ ./test.js -f=3 --bar=4 --baz 5
{ foo: '3', bar: '4', baz: '5' }
```

More [examples](https://github.com/nodeca/argparse/tree/master/examples).


ArgumentParser objects
======================

```
new ArgumentParser({paramters hash});
```

Creates a new ArgumentParser object.

**Supported params:**

- ```description``` - Text to display before the argument help.
- ```epilog``` - Text to display after the argument help.
- ```addHelp``` - Add a -h/–help option to the parser. (default: true)
- ```argumentDefault``` - Set the global default value for arguments. (default: null)
- ```parents``` - A list of ArgumentParser objects whose arguments should also be included.
- ```prefixChars``` - The set of characters that prefix optional arguments. (default: ‘-‘)
- ```formatterClass``` - A class for customizing the help output.
- ```prog``` - The name of the program (default: `path.basename(process.argv[1])`)
- ```usage``` - The string describing the program usage (default: generated)
- ```conflictHandler``` - Usually unnecessary, defines strategy for resolving conflicting optionals.

**Not supportied yet**

- ```fromfilePrefixChars``` - The set of characters that prefix files from which additional arguments should be read.


Details in [original ArgumentParser guide](http://docs.python.org/dev/library/argparse.html#argumentparser-objects)


addArgument() method
====================

```
ArgumentParser.addArgument(name or flag or [name] or [flags...], {options})
```

Defines how a single command-line argument should be parsed.

- ```name or flag or [name] or [flags...]``` - Either a positional name
  (e.g., `'foo'`), a single option (e.g., `'-f'` or `'--foo'`), an array
  of a single positional name (e.g., `['foo']`), or an array of options
  (e.g., `['-f', '--foo']`).

Options:

- ```action``` - The basic type of action to be taken when this argument is encountered at the command line.
- ```nargs```- The number of command-line arguments that should be consumed.
- ```constant``` - A constant value required by some action and nargs selections.
- ```defaultValue``` - The value produced if the argument is absent from the command line.
- ```type``` - The type to which the command-line argument should be converted.
- ```choices``` - A container of the allowable values for the argument.
- ```required``` - Whether or not the command-line option may be omitted (optionals only).
- ```help``` - A brief description of what the argument does.
- ```metavar``` - A name for the argument in usage messages.
- ```dest``` - The name of the attribute to be added to the object returned by parseArgs().

Details in [original add_argument guide](http://docs.python.org/dev/library/argparse.html#the-add-argument-method)


Action (some details)
================

ArgumentParser objects associate command-line arguments with actions.
These actions can do just about anything with the command-line arguments associated
with them, though most actions simply add an attribute to the object returned by
parseArgs(). The action keyword argument specifies how the command-line arguments
should be handled. The supported actions are:

- ```store``` - Just stores the argument’s value. This is the default action.
- ```storeConst``` - Stores value, specified by the const keyword argument.
  (Note that the const keyword argument defaults to the rather unhelpful None.)
  The 'storeConst' action is most commonly used with optional arguments, that
  specify some sort of flag.
- ```storeTrue``` and ```storeFalse``` - Stores values True and False
  respectively. These are special cases of 'storeConst'.
- ```append``` - Stores a list, and appends each argument value to the list.
  This is useful to allow an option to be specified multiple times.
- ```appendConst``` - Stores a list, and appends value, specified by the
  const keyword argument to the list. (Note, that the const keyword argument defaults
  is None.) The 'appendConst' action is typically used when multiple arguments need
  to store constants to the same list.
- ```count``` - Counts the number of times a keyword argument occurs. For example,
  used for increasing verbosity levels.
- ```help``` - Prints a complete help message for all the options in the current
  parser and then exits. By default a help action is automatically added to the parser.
  See ArgumentParser for details of how the output is created.
- ```version``` - Prints version information and exit. Expects a `version=`
  keyword argument in the addArgument() call.

Details in [original action guide](http://docs.python.org/dev/library/argparse.html#action)


Sub-commands
============

ArgumentParser.addSubparsers()

Many programs split their functionality into a number of sub-commands, for
example, the svn program can invoke sub-commands like `svn checkout`, `svn update`,
and `svn commit`. Splitting up functionality this way can be a particularly good
idea when a program performs several different functions which require different
kinds of command-line arguments. `ArgumentParser` supports creation of such
sub-commands with `addSubparsers()` method. The `addSubparsers()` method is
normally called with no arguments and returns an special action object.
This object has a single method `addParser()`, which takes a command name and
any `ArgumentParser` constructor arguments, and returns an `ArgumentParser` object
that can be modified as usual.

Example:

sub_commands.js
```javascript
#!/usr/bin/env node
'use strict';

var ArgumentParser = require('../lib/argparse').ArgumentParser;
var parser = new ArgumentParser({
  version: '0.0.1',
  addHelp:true,
  description: 'Argparse examples: sub-commands',
});

var subparsers = parser.addSubparsers({
  title:'subcommands',
  dest:"subcommand_name"
});

var bar = subparsers.addParser('c1', {addHelp:true});
bar.addArgument(
  [ '-f', '--foo' ],
  {
    action: 'store',
    help: 'foo3 bar3'
  }
);
var bar = subparsers.addParser(
  'c2',
  {aliases:['co'], addHelp:true}
);
bar.addArgument(
  [ '-b', '--bar' ],
  {
    action: 'store',
    type: 'int',
    help: 'foo3 bar3'
  }
);

var args = parser.parseArgs();
console.dir(args);

```

Details in [original sub-commands guide](http://docs.python.org/dev/library/argparse.html#sub-commands)


Contributors
============

- [Eugene Shkuropat](https://github.com/shkuropat)
- [Paul Jacobson](https://github.com/hpaulj)

[others](https://github.com/nodeca/argparse/graphs/contributors)

License
=======

Copyright (c) 2012 [Vitaly Puzrin](https://github.com/puzrin).
Released under the MIT license. See
[LICENSE](https://github.com/nodeca/argparse/blob/master/LICENSE) for details.